Arresting high blood sugar (diabetes)

Arresting high blood sugar (diabetes)

Diabetes is now one of the leading causes of death globally. The annoying thing is that it affects both the adult and young populations. Diabetes occurs as a result of diminished effectiveness of insulin which is secreted by thyroid gland; one of the endocrine glands. This often results to what is known as hyperglycaemia, a
condition characterized by impaired glucose utilization leading to high blood sugar. A diagnosis of diabetes is normally made when the blood sugar test is consistently about 7.0mmol/L after an eight hour fast.
There are two types of diabetes. Type I or juvenile diabetes also referred to as insulin dependent diabetes. This type is occurs primarily due to deficiency of insulin. It usually begins in childhood or in adolescence. While Type II diabetes or non insulin dependent diabetes also called maturity onset diabetes which hits around age 50 as people get older and among obese patients. This is a result of diminished effectiveness of insulin. This is the most common type and it affects 90% of diabetics.
Common symptoms of diabetes include excessive urination (polyuria), excessive thirst (polydipsia), weight loss, infections, air hunger, vascular changes, and excessive appetite (polyphagia). Poor controlled or unrecognized diabetes can result in the following;

  • Diabetics are more likely to develop eye problems and diabetes has been associated with an increased rate of blindness. 
  • Diabetics are more likely to experience kidney damage than non diabetics and it has been noted that kidney dialysis patients are often diabetics. 
  • Diabetes is one of the main contributors of narrowing of the arteries. This shows that diabetes triples the risk of strokes and heart attacks. It can also lead to disabling leg cramps (intermittent claudication), erectile dysfunction, hearing problem, foot or leg amputation etc.

Research has shown a strong correlation between type II diabetes and fat. And also it is noted that this disease condition is often low in localities where there is low intake of fats. Insulin which is pancreatic hormone enables body cells to absorb glucose and control blood sugar level. Type II diabetes often occurs as a result of lack of sensitivity to insulin and not as a defective pancreas unable to produce insulin. This resistance of the cells to insulin appears to relate directly to obesity and to excess fat in the diet and possibly in the liver.
Diabetes is seemingly becoming a deadly epidemic, yet this condition can be prevented and normalized. It is now the leading cause of hearing impairment, leg and foot amputation and other variety of ailments. The treatment of the insulin dependent diabetes is administration of insulin throughout the individual’s life. The maturity onset or the type II condition often requires dietary control in order to maintain optimal body weight and also to eliminate obesity. The following are the ways by which one can effectively deal with diabetes;

  1. Adequate physical exercise is necessary in order to help reduce excess blood sugar. 
  2. Always avoid processed and unrefined foods because they are high in sugar and fat and low in fibre. 
  3. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables everyday and endeavour to avoid fruit juice. 
  4. Always check your blood sugar level.
  5. Always eat fibre rich food comprising of legumes, tubers, salads etc. 

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