Arthritis: Disease of the joints

Arthritis: Disease of the joints

Arthritis is a chronic ailment that seems impossible to go away even after treatment has been received. It often keeps coming back every now and then. Arthritis can be seen as diseases or illnesses that often occur at the joints. In our society, adults mostly elderly men and women suffer from arthritis. Like our muscles, our
ligaments and joints wear out as a result of continuous use, and needs to be repaired. This repair process often occurs normally during sleep. And the repair of any part of the body requires access to food nutrients like protein and also access to oxygen. But when there is inadequate access to body nutrients and the necessary oxygen level necessary for repair; joint fluids decreases, cartilage wears away and ligament weakens.

The most common form of arthritis is called the osteoarthritis. It can occur at any time, particularly after an injury like slipping and falling with one's waist. Osteoarthritis usually occurs when there is inadequate supply of blood to the joints. And this can be reversed through measures that improve circulation of blood to the joints, reducing the amount of fat in the blood stream which can be achieved through regular exercise and water therapy or treatments.
Osteoarthritis that often happens in specific regions like knee, hips and spine are commonly caused by obesity. Most reported symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain and stiffness which decreases when the joints are engaged in an activity such as exercise.
Osteoarthritis can also cause back pain/aches. Back pain occasionally results in disability but this can be prevented by:

  1. Consume food that are rich in fibre and low in fat in order to improve the circulation of blood, thus allowing the blood to carry extra oxygen to affected areas.  
  2. Relaxing and keeping your weight down. 
  3. Avoid high heels especially for females that often patronize shoes with heels. 
  4. This can also be prevented through exercises by strengthening the back and abdominal muscles. Exercises here include jogging, swimming etc.

Osteoarthritis can also manifest in the form of big swollen toe which is often very painful. This type of arthritis is called gout arthritis. The etiology of this disease is often associated to the lifestyle of the wealthy in the society which is attributed to eating too many rich foods with little or no exercise. This condition can be prevented through diet change.
Also osteoarthritis causes manifestation of red swollen joints. This type of arthritis is called rheumatoid arthritis. This condition results from the inflammation of the joints with redness, pain, fever, and swelling. 


  • Be cautious about the use of medications: Muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics may help in the acute phase of the pain. But constituent used of this medication often cause more harm than good in the long term. They sometimes come with side effects like memory loss etc.
  • Make your diet simple: Always eat foods that are rich in fibre and avoid foods that are high in fats. 
  • Daily exercise is very crucial: This makes the muscles strong and can prevent arthritis. 
  • Be conscious of your weight: Any extra kilograms you add often increase the risk of wear and tear in weight bearing joints like the knees, hips and spine.
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