100+ Medical Jargons Commonly Used In Nigeria And Their Meaning

 I have compiled a list of some medical terminologies or medical jargons commonly used by most medical personnels in Nigeria and their meaning.

100+ Medical Jargons Worth Knowing:

  1. Gravida -- is a medical term (a latin word) that describes the total number of pregnancies a woman has had, regardless of the outcome of the pregnancies. For example, nulligravida refers to a woman who has never been pregnant before; primigravida means first- time pregnant and multi-gravida means many pregnancies.
  2. Partum -- is a latin word which means childbirth or delivery, as in prepartum(before delivery or during labour) and post partum (after delivery).
  3. Para -- is a medical jargon that indicates the total number of pregnancies a woman has carried for more than 20 weeks ( a viable gestational age), regardless of whether the outcome of the pregnancy is a stillbirth or live birth. For example, nullipara refers to a woman who has never given birth before, while multi para means many births including stillbirths.
  4. Dystocia -- the prefix dys means abnormal or difficult in Greek, and tocia was derived from a Greek word - tokos (which means childbirth). Therefore dystocia means difficult childbirth or delivery. Sometimes doctors mention the specific type such as labour dystocia (meaning, obstructed labour), fetal dystocia which also means abnormal fetal size...
  5. PID -- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection which is common with females. In most cases, it is caused by STDs such as gonorrheal and chlamydia.
  6. Ectopic pregnancy -- refers to pregnancy outside the uterus. It's also called tubal pregnancy.
  7. Trimester -- literally, it means 3 months... But in medicine, it is a term used to describe the phases or stages of pregnancies. In obstetrics, pregnancy is divided into 3 stages of fetal development - namely: first trimester ( 0 to 13 weeks); second trimester ( 14 to 26 weeks) and third trimester ( 27 to 40 weeks).
  8. C/O -- this is a short form of "complain of." Health providers use it to indicate patient's complaint.
  9. Dialysis -- is a medical procedure for removing waste products and excess fluids from the body of a patient with kidney failure or damaged kidney. It is an artificial alternative for blood cleansing...
  10. cap -- it is a short form of capsule.
  11. tab -- a short form of tablet.
  12. Rx -- is a latin verb - "recipe" - which means "take thus". It refers to a doctor's prescription.
  13. Dx -- refers to diagnosis or disease.
  14. Fx -- is a medical jargon that means fracture
  15. tds -- means three times daily (refers to how a drug is to be taken)
  16. Nocte -- means night only. Whenever you see nocte on your prescription note, it means you should take that particular drug at night only.
  17. PRN -- "pro re nata" means as necessary or when needed. Talking about drugs, when prn is written, you can take such drug as necessary and when needed.
  18. Stat -- a Latin word - "satim" which means immediately or instantly. Health professionals use this medical jargon to indicate that a medication be taken immediately or urgently.
  19. BP -- means blood pressure ( the force with which blood moves through the blood vessels).
  20. HTN -- stands for hypertension.
  21. DM -- stands for diabetes mellitus.
  22. IM -- stands for intramuscular. This is a medical word that indicates that a medication be administered through the muscles.
  23. H/O or Hx -- means history of. This is a record of patients' medical background. 
  24. COPD -- stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This is a lung disease that makes breathing difficult for affected persons.
  25. Hepatitis -- this is a virus that invades and damages the liver.
  26. Abortifacient -- a medical term that describes any substance or medical product used for inducing abortion.
  27. Leukemia -- refers to cancer of the blood cells which starts in the bone marrow.
  28. Spontaneous Abortion -- commonly called miscarriage, this is simply the lost of pregnancies of less than 20 weeks old (of non- viable gestational age).
  29. Abscess --  refers to a collection of fluids called pus. For example, skin abscess is known as boil.
  30. Hematologist -- a medical word that describes a physician specializing in diagnosing and treatment of blood and bone marrow related diseases.
  31. Arrhythmia -- also called dysrrhythmia - it means abnormal heart rhythm or irregular heartbeat rate.
  32. IV -- stands for intravenous, which means "inside the vein". It is used to indicate that a medication or fluid be administered through the vein.
  33. Cardiologist -- a doctor that specializes in diagnosing and treatment of heart related diseases.
  34. Tx -- is a medical jargon that means treatment.
  35. Otitis Media -- is an ear infection that affects the middle ear (the area close to a person's eardrum).
  36. ENT -- stands for ear, nose and throat. An ENT specializes in diagnosing and the treatment of ear, nose and throat related diseases.
  37. Anesthesia -- refers to any substance (drug or agent) used for inducing (artificial) loss of sensation (ability to feel pain).
  38. ECG -- stands for Electrocardiogram. It's a test that monitors the electrical activity of the heart.
  39. VOC -- stands for vaso-occlusive crisis. This is a common sickle cell crisis that is triggered by obstruction of circulation of blood vessels by sickled red blood cells, it's often accompanied by severe pain.
  40. Hyperplasis -- means enlargement or expansion of an organ or tissue as a result of increase in reproduction of its cells.
  41. Anoxia -- indicates low oxygen (oxygen deficiency).
  42. Angina Pectoris -- this is a medical word for chest pain (often severe) caused by inadequate flow of oxygen to the heart muscle.
  43. Meningitis -- refers to a serious (and mostly contagious) brain and spinal cord (collectively known as meninges) disease often caused by viral or bacterial or fungal infection.
  44. OPV -- stands for oral polio vaccine. This is an effective and safe polio-virus vaccine administered by mouth.
  45. Dental caries -- this is a medical phrase that means tooth decay or cavities caused by bacterial activities.
  46. LMP -- stands for last menstrual period. It means the date when you last saw your period ( menstrual flow).
  47. Cardiomegaly -- this medical terminology simply means "enlarged heart," it's mostly caused by high blood pressure or coronary artery heart disease.
  48. Lipoma -- refers to that soft and slow-growing fat (non cancerous) lump situated under a person's skin.
  49. Mammogram -- this medical jargon describes X-ray image of the breast for detection of cancer in women. It's also called breast screening.
  50. Cyst -- cysts are sac-like structures (filled with liquid or gaseous or solid materials) that can grow or form on the skin, organs and other tissues of the body.
  51. FBC -- stands for full blood count. This is a laboratory screening for assessing a person's general health and checking for some specific conditions such as anemia, infections and some other diseases.
  52. Anemia -- also spelt - anaemia is simply the deficiency of red blood cells. It's a blood disorder.
  53. OPD -- stands for outpatient's department.
  54. G.P -- stands for general practitioner. This is a non specialist physician- a GP offers more of primary healthcare. These guys are the first point of contact in healthcare... 
  55. EDD -- stands for expected date of delivery or estimated due date.
  56. Endoscopy -- is a flexible instrument used by a physician to look inside the body (basically to examine digestive system).
  57. Myomectomy -- this is a medical terminology used to describe the procedure for the removal of uterine fibroids.
  58. Appendicitis -- describes the inflammation of the appendix (a finger like tube attached to the tip of the large intestine of a person). In other words, it's a condition in which the appendix is swollen and hurting...
  59. Abiotic -- means not biological.
  60. BPH -- stands for benign prostatic hyperplasis. It means noncancerous prostate enlargement.
  61. PSA -- stands for prostate specific antigen. This is a laboratory test for detecting prostate cancer.
  62. MRI -- stands for magnetic resonance imaging. This is a radiological test that uses magnetic field couple with radio waves to produce detailed images of organs and structures in human body.
  63. GERD -- stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease. It simply means severe heartburn or Acid indigestion.
  64. Coryza -- this medical term is often used to describe catarrh or runny nose.
  65. Epistaxis -- simply means nosebleed.
  66. Ultrasound -- also called ultrasonography, refers to a test that uses high frequency sound waves that are inaudible to human ear to detect the exact or possible disease (or health condition of) a person has.
  67. STD -- stands for sexually transmitted disease.
  68. Aphasia -- describes speech and language impairment or disorder resulting from the damage of some parts of the brain.
  69. PV -- stands for per vaginal. It means through the vaginal. For example, bleeding PV means bleeding through the vaginal.
  70. Lumbar Spondylosis -- describes lower back pain.
  71. Jaundice -- this is a French word that means yellow. In medical sense, a patient is said to have jaundice when he or she is experiencing a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes...
  72. Insomnia -- this is a medical jargon that describes sleep disorder ( difficulty in falling or staying asleep for as long as it lasts).
  73. Cyesis -- is a medical terminology used to describe pregnancy ( from conception to birth)
  74. Hydrocele -- describes the swollen of scrotum usually caused by a pouch that contains fluids which surrounds the testicle of a male...
  75. Dyspareunia -- refers to painful intercourse
  76. Dysmenorrhea -- simply means painful menstruation.
  77. Eclampsia -- is a severe condition in pregnancy, characterized by comma and convulsion which is mostly the bane of hypertensive (mostly pregnancy induced) women.
  78. Placenta previa -- describe a condition in which the placenta forms a total or partial blockage to the uterus, thus, interfering with normal delivery of a baby.
  79. Myalgia -- simply means generalize muscle pain or aches.
  80. D&C -- stands for Dilation and Curettage, a procedure used for evacuating retained products from the uterus after miscarriage or abortion.
  81. Hyperemesis -- describes a severe and sometimes prolonged vomiting, often associated with pregnancy.
  82. BD -- means twice daily, as in drugs intake direction or instruction of your physician.
  83. q.d.s -- means four times daily, also talking about how a drug should be taken.
  84. Anicteric -- means not accompanied with jaundice.
  85. CXR -- stands for chest X-ray.
  86. D/C -- means discontinue (as in drugs administration) or discharge ( as in patient on admission)
  87. Mane -- means every morning. It's a directive from the physician to take a given drug in the morning. 
  88. NAD -- stands for no abnormalities detected or no acute distress.
  89. URTI -- stands for upper respiratory tract infection, it can interfere with normal breathing.
  90. UTI -- stands for Urinary Tract Infection. This is an infection that affects Urinary system (which includes - kidney, bladder, urethra, urete).
  91. FBS -- stands for fasting blood sugar. This is a blood test for checking the sugar level, a patient is required to fast for about 8 hours before the test is carried out.
  92. PIH -- pregnancy induced hypertension. It's a new development of hypertension triggered by pregnancy.
  93. R/O -- stands for rule out. It's frequently used by doctors when a patient's diagnosis is not confirmed yet, an additional information or exams would be required to confirm a suspected diagnosis or rule out a certain condition.
  94. Generic -- this medical word describes drugs that do not have brand names and trademarks. 
  95. Afebrile -- means without fever.
  96. RBS -- random blood sugar. A non fasting laboratory test for assessing the sugar level of a person in order to detect diabetes.
  97. Refractive Error -- this is a medical phrase that describes vision problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, etc.
  98. od -- stands for everyday. It's a prescription directive- as in, take this drug daily.
  99. Enteric Fever -- indicates typhoid fever.
  100. Gastroenteritis -- indicates a stomach and intestinal infection characterized by watery diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps...
  101. NHIS -- stands for National Health Insurance Scheme - this is a scheme established by Federal government of Nigeria to provide affordable and quality healthcare services to Nigerians.Sproutby.com medical word medical terminology medical jargon medical terms
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